Hungary is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometers (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin, and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west, Austria to the northwest, and Ukraine to the northeast. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world. Hungary's capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest, a significant economic hub, classified as a leading global city. Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.
Hungary is becoming an increasingly popular study abroad destination, having gained great credibility over the years and has a very strong tradition in the sciences, particularly medicine. Beyond high-quality education, Hungary also offers a lively and welcoming culture, a fascinating history and beautiful cities. Read on to learn more about what it's like to undertake higher education in Hungary Located in the heart of Europe, Hungary is a land of great contrasts with a wealth of culture and history, complemented by a language very different from its neighbors. The country is situated in the low, flat area of the Carpathian Basin, with a landscape of hills and plains (Hungary features one of the largest continuous grasslands in Europe).
For the past twenty years, over 10,000 international students have attended higher education in Hungary. The country is especially popular for studies in sciences – particularly in such fields as medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine, to name a few. These are all programs with very competitive admission in many countries while Hungary offers an accessible alternative.
Hungary's high-quality medical degrees are accepted by the World Health Organization and are directly transferable to any EU country. Schools of higher education in Hungary are increasingly offering medical degrees in both English and other foreign languages such as German in order to attract more foreign students. Some of the top countries from which international students come to Hungary are Germany, Israel, Norway, Iran, China and Canada.
The Education System in Hungary
The education system in Hungary has represented academic excellence for more than 600 years. Many colleges are directly affiliated with a university and operate as college faculties of the university. Universities in Hungary generally award courses at both college and university level. Starting in 2005, schools in Hungary started the transformation toward the regulations of the Bologna Process. In this new system, both colleges and universities in Hungary may launch bachelor, master and PhD programs if the necessary requirements are fulfilled. This also means that all awarded degrees are equivalent and transferable throughout the EU and many other countries.
The education system in Hungary is divided between colleges and universities:
College education: generally lasts for 4 years
University education: lasts for 4 to 6 years depending on the course undertaken.
Vocational curriculum: usually lasts 2 years, they are opened to secondary vocational school's graduates and eventually vocational school students.
University PhD courses: usually takes 3 years to complete.
The Hungarian academic year runs from September to June with long holidays in July and August. The public higher education system in Hungary includes universities and other higher education institutes that provide both education curricula and related degrees up to doctoral degree. Some also contribute to research activities. As in many other countries, some qualifications are not available at bachelor level within the education system in Hungary, but instead start with the award of a master degree. Examples of such qualifications are medical studies, veterinary science, pharmaceutical studies and architecture.
Today there over 60 higher education institutions in Hungary ranging from minor colleges to top research universities. These institutes are financed either by the state, private organizations or a church.
Degrees earned from higher education in Hungary follow the international standards set by the Bologna Process. This means that, apart from certain vocational degrees awarded by non-university and college institutions in Hungary, degrees conform to the standard of bachelor, master and PhD degrees. This makes qualifications from Hungarian universities more widely comparable on the international market, and that students have the option to pursue a master’s degree in a different field than that of their bachelors.
In certain, more vocationally-directed courses in Hungary such as medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine, the first degree awarded is a master’s degree after five to six years of study. Hungary’s EU membership also means that degrees awarded in medicine, veterinary studies and architecture are directly transferable and accepted for professional purposes in other EU countries.
Being part of the education system in Hungary will be an adventurous opportunity that will open many doors in the future.
Hungary is becoming widely recognized as an ideal investment location in Europe: Budapest (the capital) is ranked among the top 10 most attractive cities for foreign direct investment (FDI) in Eastern Europe in the 2016-2017 ranking of fDi Magazine, a Financial Times Group publication, and is also ranked among the top 10 most important European cities.
Out of 35 cities across Europe Budapest is ranked 7th among Europe’s major tech hubs according to the Understanding European Technology Clusters report published by CBRE in December 2016. The report identifies Budapest as the fastest-growing, emerging tech city in Central-Eastern Europe.
Companies themselves claim that, when making their investment decisions in favour of Hungary, great importance has been attached to the country’s strategic geographic location, the qualification and diligence of the human resources available in Hungary, the competitive wages, the country’s logistics conditions as well as the quality of institutions in the secondary and higher vocational education.
Foreign investors can make the most of the country’s strategic location and telecoms infrastructure. The 6 hour time difference from New York and the 8 hour time difference from Tokyo enables to provide services to the East and West simultaneously. Budapest has the second largest office market in Europe. There is over 3.28 million square meters of modern office space in the Hungarian capital.
Hungary is an open economy and particular emphasis is placed on encouraging foreign investment. Partnership with potential investors is considered a national priority; special attention is paid to the needs of companies already settled in Hungary and to the further improvement of the business climate.
Key investment sectors: ICT, Shared service centres
Shared Service Centres & IT Outsourcing
The Hungarian IT outsourcing market is by far the most advanced in the Central European region. Since the appearance of the first SSCs in Hungary during the 1990s, the sector has witnessed dynamic growth. Tasks outsourced to the first Hungarian SSCs were mainly simple transactional activities (customer service, HR, standardised financial functions), but early positive experiences have led to the emergence of centres of excellence and a wide range of more complex tasks is now carried out. Currently there are more than 100 SSCs/ITOs/BPOs in Hungary employing 42,000 FTEs. The IT outsourcing sector comprises more than 40 companies employing around 24,000 FTEs. According to HIPA’s SSC/ITO/BPO database the annual growth rate was around 8% from 2015 to 2016, while based on the new projects in the pipeline HIPA predicts a 10% annual growth for this year.
Hungary as a data centre location could be attractive for many data centre services vendors and many end users alike because of its excellent location and competitive prices. Increasing numbers of companies are taking advantage of the developed ICT infrastructure and well-trained IT personnel in Hungary and have decided to develop data centre hubs in the country to serve their regional/European operations.
LABOUR FORCE – EDUCATION
Hungary's system of higher education provides top-quality ICT professionals. A large number of multinational and local IT companies actively cooperate with universities to ensure that new generations of Hungarian IT engineers enter the labour market with the latest knowledge and the relevant practical skills to immediately start work in the private sector.
HIGHLY DEVELOPED TELECOMS INFRASTRUCTURE
Hungary has a highly developed telecommunications system – GSM 900/1,800 MHz mobile frequencies providing 100% physical coverage, and widespread 3G/LTE mobile coverage. The telecoms market is fully liberalised: there are numerous internet service providers and mobile network providers in Hungary. The telecoms market, particularly the mobile and broadband sectors, became more dynamic after Hungary’s 2004 EU accession: membership saw an injection of funding as well as increased regulatory oversight.
INNOVATIVE HUNGARIAN ICT COMPANIES
The innovative capabilities of the Hungarian ICT sector are best illustrated by the high number of local innovative companies that have emerged in recent years. Many of them operate on international markets and are regarded as leading innovators in their respective fields worldwide. Some of the most innovative companies are listed here:
CLOUD SERVICES: LogMeIn, Prezi, Ustream, Neostratus
BIG DATA: Gravity, Radoop/RapidMiner Hungary, Starschema
MOBILITY: InfomatiX, MobileEngine, Cellum, IND Group/Misys, NNG
SECURITY: Balabit, Kürt, Navayo Technologies, CrySys Lab, TresorIT
3D ANIMATION AND VIRTUAL REALITY: Digic Pictures, Dolphio Technologies, Leonar3do
TEXT AND SPEECH RECOGNITION: AITIA, Nextent
WEB DEVELOPMENT: CarnationGroup/PossibleCEE, Isobar Budapest, Mito
The Visa Section of the Embassy of Hungary in New Delhi at Tenejing Nargay Marg (adjacent to Niti Marg) Chanakyapuri, New Delhi – 110021 is open for receiving visa application on Mondays from 11:00 am to 12:00 pm. Please be advised that due to high volume of applications the Visa Section of the Embassy of Hungary takes visa applicants by prior appointment only. Appointment can be arranged by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Links of embassy and appointment booking.