India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. The country was home to both Takshashila - the first university in the world, and to the inventor of the digit 0 - Āryabhaṭa. Albert Einstein once said:, "we owe a lot to the Indians who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made". Today, India is known as a communication hub, and has become popular with international students from all over the world. It is highly attractive due to its forward thinking, its popularity with large multinational companies, and also due to English being the common language of communication. According to Peter Drucker, "India is become a power house very fast, the medical school in New Delhi is now perhaps the best in the world. The technical graduates of Indian Institute of Technology, Bangalore are as good as any in the world. Also India has 150 million people for whom English is their main language so India is indeed becoming a knowledge center".
Capital: New Delhi
Official language: Hindi and English
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Area: 1,269,346 square miles/ 3,287,263 square kilometers
Population: 1.29 billion
Currency: Indian rupee (₹) (INR)
Calling code: +91
Education System in India
The Indian education system is highly similar to that of the anglo saxon countries. The stages are:
Nursery --> primary (class 1 to class 5) -->secondary (class 6 to Class 10) --> Senior Secondary (class 11- Class 12) --> Graduation (Arts & Commerce - 3 years, professional - 4 years, Medical - 5 years,) --> post graduation (1/2 to 3 years)
The Indian education system is currently mainly comprised of primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education and higher education. Elementary education consists of eight years of education. Secondary education lasts four years and senior secondary education is an additional two years of education.
Indian Higher Education
Higher education in India starts after passing the higher secondary education or the 12th standard. Depending on what you study, attaining your degree in India can take three to five years. Postgraduate courses are generally two to three years long. After completing a postgraduate degree, there is the option of continuing on with doctoral studies and research at various educational institutes.
Due to the limited number of universities in relation to the large number of applicants, universities work with affiliated colleges. These provide education and issue degrees under the name of the affiliated university. There are approximately 20,000 colleges, 42 central universities, 275 State universities, 130 Deemed Universities and 93 Institutes of National importance in the Indian higher education system.
The private sector within Indian higher education is also strong and steadily growing. These institutes offer education at everything from certificate and diploma level to undergraduate and postgraduate education. These private institutions originally started a trend for distance education, which is now very popular throughout India. Today many prestigious Indian Universities offer distance programs and some such as Indira Gandhi National Open University offer only distance programs, and is one of the largest in student enrollment.
India has undergone a paradigm shift owing to its competitive stand in the world. The Indian economy is on a robust growth trajectory and boasts of a stable 8 plus annual growth rate, rising foreign exchange reserves and booming capital markets among others.
India has emerged as a premier global manufacturing hub with the foray of a number of Multi National corporations such as General Motors, Ford, Suzuki, Hyundai, Coco Cola, etc.
The current scenario portrays significant improvement in the performance of beverages and tobacco, cotton textiles, textile products, basic metal and alloy industries, non metallic mineral products, transport equipment and other manufacturing industries.
Global players such as Daimler Chrysler, General Motors, Ford, LG Electronics, Samsung, Sony, Amway, Tupperware, Pepsico, McDonald's, IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, Aviva, Nortel, Nokia among others have benefited from their operations in India and have made expansion plans for the country. The companies plan to expand by way of product diversification, setting up a manufacturing base in India, increasing the existing production capacity, establishing research centres in India, etc.
Education in India has many benefits. Some of them are:
Low Cost: The cost of education in India is quite low as compared to many other countries of the world.
Quality Education: Indian educational institutions such as the IITs, IISc, IIMs, NITs,AIIMS, ISI, BITS and ISB are well known worldwide to provide quality education.
Unique Courses: Apart from above mentioned advantages, one can also study some unique courses that were discovered and developed by the traditional knowledge system of India. Ayurveda, Sankrit, Yoga and Hindi are some such courses that enthuse many international students.
Financial Assistance: Various scholarships, education loans and other financial aids are available for studying in India today.
There are quite a good number of educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes of the world. The Indian Institutes of Technology were placed 50th in the world and 2nd in the field of Engineering (next only to MIT) by Times Higher World University Rankings. The International league tables produced in 2006 by the London-based Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) confirmed Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)'s place among the world's top 200 universities. Likewise, THES 2006 ranked JNU's School of Social Sciences at the 57th position among the world's top 100 institutes for social sciences. The National Law School of India University is highly regarded, with some of its students being awarded Rhodes Scholarships to Oxford University, and the All India Institute of Medical Sciences(AIIMS) is consistently rated the top medical school in the country. Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs)are the top management institutes in India. Indian Technical Education is very strong these days and there are several thousand colleges in India which provides technical education.
Where can I Study?
Most institutes of higher education throughout India now have international student offices in order to help international students with their move to India. The Indian government has also set up the Education Consultants of India to cater to the needs of the growing number of International Students.
Different courses for international students are offered all over the country. International students can apply for anything from medical and engineering courses to applied arts courses at most institutions. The government has reserved some seats for foreign students and students from other developing countries through which international students can get admission. For more information related to these admissions, contact the Indian High Commission located in your home country. International students are required to carry the necessary documents along with them such as admission letter, passport, residence permit etc for entry to India. The international students can avail the residential permit after registering themselves at the Foreigner's Registration Office (F.R.O) within a period of seven days from their arrival.
Various International Fellowships are also available for students from across the globe who come to India. These International scholarships may be offered at various levels of study from graduate and postgraduate level, to the level of doctorate or post doctorate in various streams of study. Most of these fellowships are meant for meritorious students who would otherwise due to financial constraints have to discontinue education. There are however some scholarships more specifically meant to encourage students to pursue research and some fellowships that are meant to promote cultural interaction among students from different countries.
Medical colleges in India
Taking the medical entrance test, choosing the correct course or getting enrolled in a proper institute for studying medicine are all essential steps of studying medicine in India. Listed below are the names of some of the prominent medical institutes of the country.
India's diversity and history offer a wide array of options for any student. India's educational system is as vast and diverse as the country itself. While living in India can be challenging for international students, it is an affordable and rewarding experience.
A millennia-old civilization, the birthplace of four world religions, a dazzling diversity of cultures, languages, and traditions, and breathtaking natural beauty – from the soaring Himalayas to the deserts of Rajasthan. The real question is not “why study in India?”, but “why wouldn't you?” While India has much to offer the traveler, it also has much to offer students. With access both to such rich history and diversity as well as a rapidly growing country on the cutting edge of the technological revolution, studying in India has much to offer, whether your interests are in Classics or Computers, Philosophy or Politics.
India's educational system is as encompassing and as diverse as its history, making studying in India unlike anywhere else. India is the home of the world's largest university by enrollment, Indira Gandhi National Open University, with 3.5 million students. India's higher education system has 575 university-level institutions, including:
Additionally, over 30,000 colleges operate throughout India, offering more specialized instruction, often in technical fields like engineering. With all these options, international students in India can find a program to suit them no matter what their interests.India's degree system is influenced by the British higher education and offers bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.The Indian Government's Department of Higher Education offers more information on specific universities in India and the higher education system.
Life for International Students in India:
India's people are friendly and welcoming, eager to learn more about other countries. Many of India's amazing sites offer special student discounts. International students in India will find the cost of living unbelievably affordable.
With all that India has to offer, it will be next to impossible not to travel. India's vast and colorful rail network puts visitors in touch with all parts of the sub-Continent, often costing less than 10 dollars to travel hundreds of miles. The trains offer the cheapest, and safest, way for those studying in India to travel.
Food in India is an experience! Whether in North or South India, restaurants offer tantalizing dishes at cheap prices. Meals at cheap restaurants often run less than $2, while even pricier options often cost less than $10, offering yet another good answer to the question “why study in India?”
Although costs of lodging will depend on your program, comfortable apartments can be rented for $110 per month outside major cities to $200 per month in most major city centers. Cities like Mumbai and Delhi will often be more expensive although even there costs to rent will often be lower than in European or American cities.
Tuition rarely exceeds $1300 per year at private universities or $1000 at public universities, making studying in India an affordable option for most international students.
With the world’s second largest population (after China), and a fast-growing and influential economy, it’s unsurprising that India’s higher education system has undergone rapid expansion over the past few decades. India now has one of the largest higher education systems in the world (after China and the US) – and, to an outsider, perhaps one of the most complex. There are thousands of colleges and universities in India to choose from, of many different types, sizes, specializations and origins, some state-run, others private.
India’s higher education system was ranked 24th in the world in the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings 2016, and is especially well-known for the quality of its education in engineering and technology subjects, spearheaded by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore and the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). There are currently 16 of these, located around the country, focusing mainly on engineering, technology and science disciplines.
A total of 23 top universities in India feature in the QS Asia University Rankings 2018, including nine in the top 100. Aside from the science and technology specialists, India’s highest performing comprehensive universities are the University of Delhi (72nd in the QS Asia University Rankings 2018), the University of Calcutta (joint 125th), Jadavpur University (joint 125th) and the University of Mumbai (181st).
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB)
Part of the famed IIT group, the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) ranks 34th in the Asian rankings and joint 179th in the world, according to the latest results. Despite its specialized focus, the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay also offers courses in a selection of arts and humanities subjects. Located in the Powai neighborhood in the north-east of Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), IIT Bombay is one of India’s oldest universities, established in 1958, and caters to around 8,000 students. The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay is ranked internationally in a total of 16 subjects, with top 100 positions for computer science, several branches of engineering, materials sciences, and art and design.
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD)
Another of India’s leading specialized public institutions is the Institute of Technology Delhi, often shortened to IITD, which ranks 41st in the Asian rankings and 172nd in the world rankings. Classified by the government as an Institute of National Importance, the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi has a current enrolment of about 8,000 students at its 325-acre campus in the south of the city. The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi is internationally ranked for 14 subjects, performing best (in the top 100 worldwide) for computer science, chemical engineering, civil and structural engineering, electrical and electronic engineering and mechanical engineering.
Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore
The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore is a public university ranked 51st in the 2018 edition of the QS Asia University Rankings and 190th in the QS World University Rankings 2018, making it the top university in India. It also maintains a strong presence in the QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017, ranking among the world’s top universities in 12 subjects. Of these, it performs best (among the top 100 worldwide) for materials sciences, chemical engineering and electrical engineering